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Date: 5 months ago   Category: Finances

Whether introduction of unconditional income in Russia is possible?


What it is an economic utopia, social charity or inevitable consequences of technical progress? Photo: depositphotos.com In Finland published results of a two-year experiment during which paid to initially jobless citizens about 560 euros a month irrespective of, they found a job then or not. Before the experiment sceptics considered that its participants will become chronic dependents, and optimists assured that it will help the unemployed to turn into successful people.560 of euro to each of two thousand people of base of the unemployed paid regardless of employment and other factors. At the same time the number of those who got a job after that was same, as among those who did not gain unconditional income. Payments in peak to sceptics did not influence dependant moods in any way. However, the experimental group selected to itself work slightly longer, and in labor market estimated the chances above the others. Experts consider that people had an opportunity not to grab the first vacancy, and could look more interesting and favorable. Besides, they improved health and concentration, stress level fell. The idea of payment of unconditional income gains popularity. In some regions, for example in the UAE and on Alaska, such payments already are. It is income from investments of the state oil capitals. In some European countries argue on need of unconditional income. Switzerland refused so far. But not economy, and fear of migrants became the main argument against payment of two thousand euros a month there. It is interesting that when the same experiment was made in the villages of Namibia and India, its results were qualitatively others, than in Europe. Africans and Indians stopped drinking and breaking the law, sent children to schools, and those became better to study, and their parents were engaged in small business, having opened benches, hairdressing salons and civil engineering firms. A debate in economic circles does not cease. A number of experts considers that the idea of unconditional income is utopian. It will disperse inflation, will lower GDP and the number of the ideological unemployed will increase. The head of the Center of political economic researches Vasily Koltashov tells about other lack of model: Vasily Koltashov the head of the Center of political economic researches "Who can be a historical laboratory example of unconditional income? English aristocrats. They have everything. But whether they undertake any work? Of course, no. And if it was the mass phenomenon, then nobody just would work at a huge number of boring, uninteresting vacancies. Any person to whom it is provided though some rent will not be engaged the devil knows what if he is not forced to it economically. He will prefer to learn, take some best position. This project demotivates people to be employed in bad workplaces. But good jobs in Western Europe and Finland too deficiency!" Others are sure that similar payments — the inevitable future of mankind as result of digitalization and robotization. It is necessary only оп

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