Earlier deputies adopted in the first reading the amendments exempting from criminal liability of those who buy devices for private use of the Photo: depositphotos.com the State Duma will return on April 18 to discussion of a question what to consider the espionage equipment. Earlier in April deputies adopted in the first reading the amendments designed to exempt from criminal liability Russians who buy for private use GPS trackers, radio nurses and other similar devices. Russians more than once became persons involved in criminal cases under article "illicit trafficking in the special technical means intended for secret obtaining information". The maximum punishment on it — four years of imprisonment. Now article does not define in any way that these represent "special technical means". Also it turned out so that the person on AliExpress bought glasses with the built-in video camera, but did not wait for a parcel with the gadget, and instead of the mail carrier to it field investigators came. About the country there is a lot of similar stories. The loudest of them — about the Kurgan farmer who bought about the GPS tracker for a calf and became the person involved in criminal case. Told about this story to the president during "Straight line", he promised to understand. After that case against the farmer was closed, but the article of the Criminal Code remained. Now the government decided to complement it with definition according to which the espionage equipment are devices which are intentionally supplied with functions of reserved obtaining information or access to it without the knowledge of the owner. The formulation is so indistinct that it can be treated somehow, the co-founder of "Bitriks24" Sergey Ryzhikov says: Sergey Ryzhikov the CEO of the Bitriks24 company "In the modern world ordinary phone represents the espionage device. Both a dictophone, and record — already one of the most mass ways of receiving this or that classified information. I am afraid that it is impossible to limit or to accurately outline possibilities of this or that equipment. We in a pocket carry every day with ourselves the equipment by means of which it is possible to spy, and some even do it". However, smartphones under definition of special technical means will not get as as Alexander Kupryazhkin explained to deputies of the deputy director of FSB earlier, they are devices of household purpose. Though it is possible to use them for shadowing: it is possible to find in any app store ON which allows to keep track, for example, of location of the smartphone or to use its microphone without the knowledge of the owner. What else can be used for shadowing, the deputy chief designer of the Moscow plant "Fizpribor" Evgeny Andropov explains. Evgeny Andropov the deputy chief designer of the Moscow plant "Fizpribor" "Take the webcam, put it somewhere in a dark corner that it was not visible from far away — please, you can it is hidden to watch neighbors, for example. The same radio nurse, instead of listening as the kid cries, it is possible to use in order that somebody to overhear quietly in the next office. In the laptop е
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