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Date: 3 weeks ago   Category: Society

The Ministry of Defence has declassified awards of the military personnel during the Great Patriotic War


So, according to Joseph Stalin's order, on the night of August 8, 1941 members of the crews participating in operation have received 2 thousand rubles of the Photo for bombing of Berlin: The Ministry of Defence Rossii/fin100.mil.ru the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation has published the documents establishing an order of awarding of military in days of the Great Patriotic War. So, on August 8, 1941 have paid to each of members of the crews striking blow of planes of the Baltic Fleet 2 thousand rubles for bombing of Berlin. Awards were given also for repair of military equipment: for repair of the heavy tank it was possible to receive from 350 to 800 rubles, for repair of an antiaircraft gun — from 75 to 100 rubles. For historians such payments — long ago the known fact, the Soviet and Russian historian says, one of representatives of the left wing of the dissident movement in the USSR Roy Medvedev:roy Medvedev is the Soviet and Russian historian, one of representatives of the left wing of the dissident movement in the USSR "To the fighter pilot who has shot down the plane, for three planes the award and a cash bonus are necessary. The tankman, if has lined the tank, could get an award. But the majority perished. Whether gave an award to relatives, I very much doubt. For example, near Moscow one tipper-of has lined 17 tanks, but has been killed. There were many such feats. Stalin understood value of material encouragement and often awarded with cash bonuses even of the close subordinates. If to compare to pre-war awards, they high, but during war there was a big inflation. Besides, there was no free trade. Thousand rubles are five salaries, let us assume, principals". Such payments during the Great Patriotic War have really been registered, other question: whether their military personnel actually received, professor of HSE argues, the director of the International center of history and sociology of World War II and its consequences Oleg Budnitskiy: — I has re-read a set of private papers, diaries, letters, these payments practically are never mentioned. — As far as these payments were powerful what on this money could be bought? — At different times differently. There was a rationing system, there were fixed prices, there was also a black market where they strongly changed. Then those people who were at the front especially could buy nothing. There was an opportunity to transfer this money if they have really been received, to relatives in the back and so on. In open access on the website of the Ministry of Defence there were also salary sheets of the younger son Stalin, Vasily, and the marshal of aircraft, three times the Hero of the Soviet Union Alexander Pokryshkin. Vasily Stalin during war has made 26 fighting departures, has shot down five planes, subsequently he was awarded with two awards of the Red Banner. In January, 1943 Vasily Stalin in the form of the main salary and a long-service bonus has received more than 5 thousand rubles. At the same time with a deduction of a party contribution and "deduction on deposits" Alexander Pokryshkin has received only 1,8 thousand rubles. To add BFM.ru to your sources of news?

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