In a short list of Collins Dictionary there were an offensive name of supporters of Brexit, virus dance and a new way to run. And the winner word has pleased supporters of fight for Photo ecology: depositphotos.com English differs from many languages of the world in the readiness to change and absorb new words. The leading English dictionaries annually declare emergence of the new standard or promptly gaining popularity terms. One of such dictionaries — Collins English Dictionary. We will be run on nominees, then we will name the winner. Some terms have no big relevance for the Russian audience. For example, backstop — system which joins if other arrangements haven't been made. The British use this word at discussion of Brexit — as London and Brussels still haven't finished coordination of the transaction about an exit from the EU, many are disturbed by prospect to fall out of the European Union directly in legal and diplomatic depths of hell. Further floss — oddish dance when the person swings hips to the right and to the left and waves straight arms before itself and behind the back alternately. It is known according to the clip by Cathie Parry "Swish Swish" and on the popular online game Fortnite. Now is slightly more rigid — gammon. The direct translation — ham. Modern use — the white man of middle age and reactionary views, in particular from the point of view of support of Brexit. Conservative Twitter has right there begun to yell that it is necessary to include in a short list and abusive terms about black, gays or women. Too the parapolitical term — gaslight. To manipulate the person, forcing him to doubt own mentality, for example imperceptibly muffling gas lighting in the house, as in the old American movie with the same name. CNN called "gaslayting" policy of Moscow on denial of presence of the Russian troops in the Crimea. There is in the list also a word which shouldn't be translated, to be exact a hashtag: MeToo. However, the dictionary by Collins uses him as an adjective — something it seems "mitushny". Now amusing, but useful — plogging. The combination of two verbs — the English jogging and the Swedish plocka (to select). The term designates a new mass trend in Scandinavia and beyond her limits — to run, in passing collecting garbage around itself. The short list also hasn't done without at the same time technical and sports innovation. VAR — the system of the video help to arbitrators introduced in rules of soccer in 2018. Further whitewashing is when the director chooses for obviously not white role of the white actor. An example — the main character of "Hungry games" according to the book was not so white. At last, two more words exist for a long time, but this year have gained new distribution. First, vegan — explanations aren't required. Secondly, single-use — disposable. And, surprisingly this adjective became the word of year according to Collins Dictionary. The reason in activization of a discussion around disposable plastic. This year not only the large companies, for example Starbucks, but also all EU have begun to refuse him. In October the European Parliament has approved measures for reduction and lock
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