Kazakhstan has preferred to launch the satellites by means of Falcon 9, having explained it it is simple: at Elon Musk is cheaper. Whether so it actually and why Russia has stopped being commercially attractive to the old partner? Photo: Joe Skipper/Reuters Only at first sight seems a nonsense — on November 20 Kazakhstan will launch in California satellites by means of the Falcon rocket of the 9th American corporation SpaceX. Though "Union" or "Proton" could from the native Baikonur by means of the Russian rockets. But, first, Kazakhstan already launched satellites with participation of other partners, for example the French who have created the device, and have sent him into orbit from the spaceport in French Guiana. Secondly, in Astana have popularly explained: at Elon Musk is cheaper. Cost was disclosed, having referred to a trade secret. But a thesis that the Russian carrier rockets lose the competition American lawful, the expert of space branch, the ex-designer of Sukhoi Design Bureau Vadim Lukashevich:vadim Lukashevich the expert of space branch, the ex-designer of Sukhoi Design Bureau "considers Falcon now — one of the cheapest rockets if not the cheapest rocket in the market of starting services. And the place of start — California, or Baikonur, or still something — doesn't play any role. Start cost is important for the owner of the satellite. Here it is important not that, here, Kazakhstan how as it can and how it behaves? Actually, here the main thing another — Russia even for Kazakhstan has stopped being commercially attractive". Here data from open sources: estimated cost of start of Falcon 9 — from 55 to 65 million dollars. Estimated cost of start of "Proton" — 65-70 million dollars. Missile launch Angara is even more expensive. Though there are details. Americans improve labor productivity, the organization of production, but historically our rockets were always cheaper than the American. Perhaps, it is all about grants of the U.S. Government. SpaceX doesn't open the financial performance, but the American mass media reported more than once that it receives the help from the state. And it is possible that the low cost of starts is created artificially, the leading researcher of Institute of space researches of RAS Nathan Eysmont:natan Eysmont assumes "To consider the leading researcher of Institute of space researches of RAS that really at Elon Musk it turns out so cheaper that he can compete, say, with same "Proton" or "Union", it, generally, looks very doubtfully. The price at Elon Musk if to speak directly, is artificially underestimated. Probably, such explanation. It is promoted, apparently, by the state, that is the USA which some subsidizes not in absolutely obvious way these starts. Kazakhstan plays these games". Kazakhstan has arrived by the principle "nothing personal, only business". And I have sugared the pill the statement that will launch in the long term satellites and from Baikonur by means of "Unions" and "Protons". At least, such plans are. Here it is still important how there will take place new starts of the Russian rockets. Relatively recently the country occupied 60% the world
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