Such forecast contains in the book on which the scientist worked shortly before death. "Short answers to the serious questions" written on the basis of unpublished essays by Hawking appear already on October 16 Stephen Hawking. Photo: Lucas Jackson/Reuters Remember the most talented person whom you know personally. The schoolmate, the fellow student, the colleague who seizes all on the run who quicker - is stronger-is higher, is ill less and better looks. Not only and not just because tries more, just he or she was lucky with genes. And now present that you could become the same — not your children, you. Use of a technique of editing a genome under the name CRISPR for disposal of mouse posterity of hereditary diseases already became a reality, further — adaptation of technology under the person. Through some time — gene editing not a zygote or embryo, and all cages of an adult organism. Far more difficult, but it is hardly impossible. To delight of one and to horror of others, such future already behind not too high mountains. One of quotes of the posthumous book by the physicist Stephen Hawking "Short answers to serious questions" which is written down by means of the generator of a voice of the scientist: "I am sure that in this century people will learn to change both intelligence, and such instincts as aggression. Possibly, laws against genetic engineering of the person will be adopted. Some will not be able to resist temptation to change the characteristics, such as memory, immunity or life expectancy. When there are such "superpeople", it will become a serious political problem for not improved people who will not be able to compete. Presumably, they will die out or will lose the importance. Instead of them there will be a race of the beings modifying themselves it is more and more". Anti-Utopia? Utopia? First of all it depends on the one and only key parameter: how many it will cost. If as Hawking was afraid, modification becomes destiny of the superrich — for reference watch "Time machine" of Wells or other work of science fiction about division of mankind into two subspecies. If the technique is cheap, and people will be able to change own nature in large quantities, then the mankind will be able to leave Earth and to extend on the Universe. If, of course, the artificial intelligence is not created by then. One more fragment of the new book of Hawking is devoted to it: "Emergence of superclever artificial intelligence will become for mankind or the best event in the history, or the worst. Its main threat not in evil intention, and in efficiency. The superintelligence will achieve incredibly quickly the objectives, a question in whether there will be its purposes to coincide with ours. You will probably specially not trample down ants from personal evil design, but if you need to construct hydroelectric power station, having flooded the valley — well, forgive, ants! A mankind task — not to appear on the place of such ants". Stephen Hawking was one of the most famous popular writers of science in the world. Though the book "Short Answers to Big Questions" is not the collection progno
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