"Yandex" began to test UAVs. Five cars of the fourth level of autonomy participate in an experiment: the system is capable to take over control, and participation of the driver is not required to the Photo: Egor Aleev/TASS the Compact hatchback of a white-red-black coloring all is covered by sensors. On sides an inscription "Yandex. Self-driving car". Such units can already be met on the Moscow roads — on MKAD and TTK, in dormitory areas Yasenevo and Butovo, on the Communard and also in the center of the capital. Be not surprised that in salon there is no driver. And at all there is nobody — UAVs do not carry people so far, and just train. The Artificial Intelligence (AI) accumulates experience in combat conditions, the head of development of business of pilotless Yandex technologies Artem Fokin says. — At us five cars underwent the procedure of admission to roads. Even more than 20 are collected. Our plans — until the end of the year — 100 cars collecting information, regularly moving on public roads in order that on the basis of collected information we could improve technology. — On what first of all the autopilot — on safety of the passenger or pedestrian is programmed? — The technology is calculated on that it is constant in a wide radius, up to 300 meters around, to monitor all objects, to distinguish their speed and, predicting their behavior, to choose the necessary high-speed mode, behavior on the road. And unlike the driver person who focuses the attention on one object the self-driving car constantly watches all objects around. Therefore it is very much difficult to make something suddenly for it. The car is equipped a set of sensors, cameras, radars and scanners. The system receives the three-dimensional picture of a situation, creates an optimum and safe trajectory of the movement. At the same time observes the allowed speed on the concrete site. In "Yandex" did not report to us about the cost of technology and one such car. Specified only that the cost of accessories tends "to sharp decrease", in other words, investments extremely favorable. But whether such cars are ready to our roads? To aggressive drivers and unexpected obstacles in a way? In an amicable way, for self-driving cars there have to be special allocated, so-called smart roads. Now they are not in Moscow, experts say. Also the regulatory base is not clear. Key laws and resolutions in the sphere of pilotless transport are only improved, at best will accept them this year. And the first UAVs released on roads already now. So if the artificial intelligence suddenly goes crazy and the UAV will drive to you in a rear bumper, it is necessary to address in the old manner to traffic police. Eventually not everything is so bad, this technology has also undoubted pluses, the CEO of Vector Market Research Dmitry Chumakov says. — I think that readiness degree rather high. Various road situations, traffic jams or aggressive driving of other participants of traffic are those situations which have to be initially programmed in AI of the autopilot. To it
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