"If PACE is left by Russia, then who will be taught then by democracies? One business — to make critical reports on Moscow. And another — about some Bucharest. Any politician wants scales. The your partner or the enemy is larger, the your own status is more solid" — the political scientist Georgy Bovt considers. Photo: Mikhail of Fomichev/TASS the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted the resolution on restriction of the sanctions mechanism of assembly. It made possible return to PACE of the Russian delegation. And already at the current session, but not at the beginning of 2020 as it was supposed earlier. The Russian delegation was disfranchised in PACE in the spring of 2014, against the background of events in the Crimea and in Ukraine. Since 2014 Russia refused participation in the sessions of assembly which take place four times a year, demanding restoration of all powers and also the amending regulations which are not allowing to violate from now on the rights of national delegations. In the last four years Russians could not be speakers in PACE, participate in observation of elections in other countries and represent assembly in the international organizations. In addition, Russians were forbidden to hold the leading posts in bodies of PACE. 118 delegates, against — 62 voted for the present resolution. However a part of deputies of PACE challenged powers of the Russian delegation, having limited its rights for vote for day. Finally the assembly in full strength by vote has to resolve on June 26 an issue. The day before Russia proposed the candidate for the deputy of the Duma Leonid Slutsky for a post of the vice speaker of assembly. Membership in PACE is how important for Russia? In PACE and a part of the European press many believe that the monetary question became one of decisive factors for return to the Russian deputies of powers in full. Russia does not pay contributions to the budget of the organization which make about 7% of its volume, since 2017. But promised to compensate the collected debt if delegations return powers. It is about more than 70 million euros. However, deputies from the Western European and Scandinavian countries which generally also acted as initiators of return of Russia to PACE reasoned it with the fact that membership in the organization is the only opportunity for ordinary Russians to file complaints to the European Court of Human Rights. An exit from PACE will become for those who did not find justice in the Russian courts, "loss from the European legal space". Really, last year Russia became the absolute leader in number of complaints in ECHR: Russians sent more than 12 thousand appeals there. At the same time against the Russian authorities the ECHR made in a year 238 decisions — more, than against the authorities of other countries. And in 20 years of participation in the ECHR organization exacted from Russia 2 billion euros compensations to the victims of illegal decisions. However for a part of delegates this humanitarian aspect seemed an argument improper. For them punishment of the state who they consider an aggressor is more important than justice for his citizens. These politicians, in fact, ask that Russia — вооб
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