The authorities have considered that losses from free riders it is much less, than from transport delays because of long landing of passengers. Experiments with cancellation of turnstiles were already made, but then have returned slingshots into place. Whether Muscovites became more conscious now? Photo: Artem Geodakyan / TASS In Moscow since September 1 on all routes of land transport is dismantled by turnstiles. The authorities have counted that estimated losses because of "hares" it is less, than losses because of transport delays in connection with long landing of passengers. In land transport turnstiles have begun to establish in Moscow since the beginning of the 2000th because of growth of number of free riders. The authorities then have stated that it is more favorable to buy the equipment, than to employ controllers. After a while in connection with delays of transport of the power repeatedly tried to lower slingshots, hoping for consciousness of passengers. The collecting of money right there fell, the experiment was recognized as unsuccessful and all returned as was. In November, 2017 Sergey Sobyanin has reported that in Moscow "the culture of journey of passengers" has grown and people regularly pay journey on routes where there are no turnstiles. Then experts published estimates according to which because of slow landing the city loses annually 3,5 billion rubles — more, than hypothetical shortage from "hares" at shutdown of turnstiles. Since January 1, 2018 turnstiles were removed by high-capacity buses. Since June 16 without turnstiles all Moscow trams work. Journey time on these routes was reduced by 5-20%, and landing time — from 5 minutes to 30 seconds. Now turnstiles are cancelled. Kirill Yankov the chairman of the Union of passengers of Russia "It is very pleasant that there haven't passed also 15 years after introduction in Moscow of turnstiles as, at last, the Government of Moscow has understood that turnstiles are unprofitable. It is cheaper to strengthen linear control: when chances to meet the controller are high, it is a real alternative to a turnstile. Any city, except Moscow, didn't become at itself in large quantities and to everywhere introduce system with turnstiles. So the decision correct, it is only possible to support it". So far it is impossible to tell as far as the number of free riders in connection with cancellation of turnstiles will grow up. But the fact that they will definitely not become less, obviously. Here what to Business FM was told by one of so-called "hares", the girl by the name of Marina:marina the Muscovite "I quite often can pass "hare" because have already removed turnstiles many buses, some buses open at all all doors when come to huge crowd, in rush hour for example that people could use the validator in a free order. I can pass by, I am a student, my time there isn't enough money for journey, I know that on this route I can meet the controller extremely seldom. If remove absolutely, sometimes all the same I will be because sometimes after all life or some financial state will force". The first turnstile has appeared in June, 1906 at the station "110th Street" in the subway of New York from behind growth of number of free riders. Subsequently these devices have extended to the subway and lines city and п
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