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Date: 6 months ago   Category: Society

Million for a cow-parsnip: owners of the land plots in Moscow area will be fined for a dangerous plant


For legal persons the penalty will make from 150 thousand to 1 million rubles, officials will be punished on 20-50 thousand, natural persons should lay out 2-5 thousand. The problem is that to fight against a cow-parsnip very difficult, and alone — the Photo is senseless: depositphotos.com C on September 1 in Moscow area introduce a new penalty for owners of the land plots. Under the law "About Improvement" will fine those at whom the dangerous plant — a cow-parsnip grows. The penalty for legal entities will make from 150 thousand rubles to 1 million rubles, for officials — from 20 thousand to 50 thousand rubles, for natural persons within 2-5 thousand rubles. Some kinds of a cow-parsnip are poisonous. They can cause severe burns, a blindness and even death in the person. Cow-parsnips in the nature about 70 types. Is quite harmless and even edible. But in 1944 one more has been found in the mountains of the Caucasus. He has received the name Sosnovsky's cow-parsnip — in honor of the researcher of flora of the Caucasus. The decision on his distribution in northern regions has been made. He well adapted to a frigid climate and as it was supposed, could serve as an excellent forage for cattle. Several institutes in Leningrad, Syktyvkar, Moscow and the Moscow region were engaged in a cow-parsnip. In the same place he has been for the first time landed on experimental fields. But it has turned out that leaves and stalks of a plant contain transparent juice which part photosensitive substances from group of furanokumarin are. On skin they can get even if it is simple "to stroke a leaflet". Then under the influence of light on skin in the place of defeat the photochemical burn — a blister with a watery bubble is formed. If juice gets into an eye, he will go blind. And if the area of a photochemical burn juice big, then, as well as in a case with a usual burn, a result can become death. And, even if on the affected skin light didn't get, juice of a cow-parsnip destroys intracellular structure as powerful carcinogen.
Is dangerous also plant pollen: if to inhale it, there can be suffocation. Animals eat this cow-parsnip reluctantly therefore the idea to feed with it the cattle was recognized as unsuccessful. Since January, 2015 the cow-parsnip has lost the status of a crop, and since December of the same year Sosnovsky's cow-parsnip is brought in the branch qualifier of weed plants. Today the cow-parsnip due to the adaptability has expanded from Siberia to Karelia. By estimates of ecologists, the area of infection of lands with a weed in only one Moscow area is more than 32 thousand hectares. The authorities also will fight against a dangerous plant. On it 300 million rubles are provided in the budget of the Moscow region in 2018. How it is possible to win against a poisonous weed? Aleksandra Egorova and conservation of SPGU "It is alone senseless to head of a chair of biogeography to struggle against him. It really has to be the program therefore the fact that the Moscow region undertakes it, allocates money — it is healthy. It is correct. There use medicines. Medicines, in principle, are developed. And some research and production, scientific enterprises have formulas of chemicals which it is possible to fight. But if one site we about

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