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Date: 8 months ago   Category: Society

Laser tweezers and chirpirovanny impulses: Nobel Prize laureates on physics are announced


Three scientists became winners at once: Donna Strickland from Canada, Artur Eshkin from the USA and Gerard Moore from France for revolutionary opening in the field of laser physics during the announcement of Nobel Prize laureates of 2018 on physics which became (from left to right): Artur Ashkin (USA), Gerard Moore (France) and Donna Strickland (Canada). Stockholm. Sweden. Photo: Zuma\TASS the Nobel award of 2018 in the field of physics was got by scientists Artur Eshkin (USA), Gerard Moore (France) and Donna Strickland (Canada). It is reported in the official account of an award in Twitter. BREAKING NEWS⁰The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the #NobelPrize in Physics 2018 "for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics" with one half to Arthur Ashkin and the other half jointly to Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland. pic.twitter.com/PK08SnUslK — The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) to Strickland and Moore are awarded on October 2, 2018 for development of a method of generation of high-intensity ultrashort optical impulses, Eshkin worked on application of optical tweezers in biological systems. The value of opening for science and technology is explained by the research associate of laboratory of tetrahertz physics of the Free University of Berlin Alexander Chekhov:aleksandr Chekhov the research associate of laboratory of tetrahertz physics of the Free University of Berlin "What is optical tweezers? It when in focus with high concentration of electromagnetic energy can be particles which can be moved (for example, particles of metal or a bacterium). Thus, they can be localized and studied. The second part of an award for strengthening of chirpirovanny impulses belongs to opportunities of management of laser impulses, namely to their strengthening. Certainly, in the Nobel committee tell about importance for cutting because big fields and short impulses allow to cut metals with a big accuracy, but as on me, this opening is much more important from the point of view of fundamental physics, studying of various superfast processes. It is remarkable that the third time for all history the award on physics was got by the woman. Before famous Marie Curie and Maria Maier who were engaged in nuclear physics were everything. This time gets an award for laser physics". The day before the Nobel Prize on physiology and medicine for oncological researches was received by couple of scientists from Japan and the USA. James Allison and to Tasuk Hondze have found a new way of cancer therapy by stimulation of ability of immune system to attack cancer cells. Meanwhile the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) has suspended work with professor of the university of Pisa Alessandro Strumia because of his statements that "the physics was thought up and developed by men". He has made this statement, speaking at one of seminars in which female physicists participated mainly. The lack of gender discrimination in physics was a subject of a performance of Strumia just. An argument — big quoting of male physicists. Listeners of a seminar were indignant. Cooperation from an uchena

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