20 million exhibits which collected 200 years were stored in one of the main sights of Latin America. Almost all of them are destroyed by fire the Fire in the National museum in Rio de Janeiro. Photo: Dozens of residents of Rio de Janeiro have surrounded on September 3 with Ricardo Moraes/Reuters the territory of the burned-down National museum. Protesters tried to break to a museum complex, but they were constrained by police and municipal guard. Law enforcement officers had to apply tear gas and stun grenades then most of protesters has departed from a fencing. The Altes Brazilian Museum has burned down almost completely. Fire has destroyed nearly 20 million exhibits which collected two centuries. Among them — the value of all-planetary scale: the biggest in Latin America the Egyptian collection, antique antiquities, the oldest human skeleton, to which 12 thousand years, the fresco from Pompeii which has escaped during eruption of Vesuvius. Only the five-ton meteorite found in Brazil at the end of the 18th century hasn't burned down. The human victims managed to be avoided. The fire has begun when the museum has been already closed for visitors. "It is sad day for all Brazilians, two hundred years of work, researches and the accumulated knowledge are lost" — the president of Brazil Michel Temer has said. 80 firefighters fought fire, they managed to save several exhibits, but the majority of values are lost irrevocably. Employees of the museum rushed to the burning room together with firefighters to manage to take out though something. For them it is personal loss, the real pain. Practically each of them — the enthusiast: as it has become clear, the museum suffered from chronic insufficient funding. One of heads of the museum Luís Fernanda Diaz Duarti in an interview to Globo TV channel has told about it with bitterness. "Now everyone wants to help us, but we never had a due support" — he has told. It is confirmed by his Russian colleague — the art critic, the culturologist, the founder of the Moskultprog project Sergey Nikitin:sergey Nikitin is an art critic, the culturologist, the founder of the Moskultprog project "This oldest museum institution of Brazil and in general Latin America. For comparison, the similar museum in our country, Historical, is younger, in my opinion, for 60 years. The national museum of Brazil this year was 200 years old. It as lobotomy of the Brazilian culture and science. But it should be added that none of the acting ministers were on the celebration of the 200 anniversary of this museum. Thus that it was very important institution for science and the culture of Brazil, the present Brazilian power had an attitude towards her, will softly tell, devil-may-care. Certainly, it is very sad loss". A basis of a collection of the National museum Rio are values which were brought by the king of Portugal, Brazil and to Algarva Zhuan VI. These are Ancient Egyptian artifacts, a big collection of materials of a pre-Columbian era, documents of times of the Brazilian empire, important for the whole world — a part of national identity of the country. There the skeleton of a dinosaur found in Brazil and the most ancient human skeleton which has received a name of Luzia was stored. Having the building
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